Two distinct optical fibers for endoscope-based configurations are demonstrated and studied in this work. The fibers used for the experiment consist of: a conventional single-mode fiber (SMF 28e) and a hollow core photonic crystal fiber (HC-PCF) based on silica. Two studies that allowed the characterization of these fibers, according to their optical output power and when subjected to curvature, were carried out. The intensity power profile was also analysed in relation to the propagation distance, transversal displacement and incidence angle. After this study it can be concluded that the most suitable solution for the endoscope is the HC-PCF fiber working as a transmission probe. For the proof of concept of the fiber-based endoscope, a cleaved multimode fiber (MMF) tip was used as a reception probe and its reflection efficiency was also analysed.
Orlando Frazão (INESCPorto, Portugal)
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